depression


depression
n.
1) a mental state characterized by excessive sadness.
2) a mood disorder characterized by the pervasive and persistent presence of core and somatic symptoms on most days for at least 2 weeks. Core symptoms include low mood and loss or impairment of motivation, energy, interest, and enjoyment. Somatic symptoms include impaired memory and concentration, loss of appetite and libido, insomnia, early morning wakening (more than 2 hours earlier than normal), physical and mental activity that is either agitated and restless or slow and retarded, and a diurnal variation of mood (usually patients feel particularly depressed in the mornings). Additional symptoms include automatic negative thoughts, pessimistic views of oneself, the future, and the present (Beck's triad of depression), suicidal ideation, tearfulness, alexithymia, and a poor frustration tolerance. Depression may or may not be triggered by stressful events or trauma. Risk factors include genetic and social elements (e.g. poverty, lack of confidants, substance abuse) and psychological elements (e.g. the presence of personality disorder, a history of abuse or dysthymia). Treatment is with antidepressant drugs, cognitive behavioural therapy, and/or psychotherapy. Severe cases may need electroconvulsive therapy. The course of the illness can be a single episode or recurrent episodes, or it may become chronic.
Derivatives:
depressiondepressive adj.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Depression — Depression …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • dépression — [ depresjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1314; lat. depressio « enfoncement », de depressus, p. p. de deprimere → déprimer 1 ♦ Abaissement, enfoncement (produit par une pression de haut en bas ou par toute autre cause). ⇒ affaissement. La légère dépression d un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Depression — or depress(ed) may refer to: Medicine Depression (mood), a state of low mood and aversion to activity Mood disorder, a class of mental illnesses featuring depressed mood Major depressive disorder, one of the mood disorders, commonly referred to… …   Wikipedia

  • Depression — Dépression Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • depression — depression, clinical depression Mental states characterized by feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest, experienced by most individuals. They are deemed clinical (that is a mental illness ) if they are persistent, severe, and out… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Depression — De*pres sion, n. [L. depressio: cf. F. d[ e]pression.] 1. The act of depressing. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being depressed; a sinking. [1913 Webster] 3. A falling in of the surface; a sinking below its true place; a cavity or hollow; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Depression — Sf Niedergeschlagenheit; wirtschaftlicher Rückgang erw. fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. dépression, eigentlich Niederdrückung, Senkung , dieses aus l. dēpressio ( ōnis), einer Ableitung von l. dēprimere (dēpressum) niederdrücken,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • depression — late 14c. as a term in astronomy, from O.Fr. depression (14c.) or directly from L. depressionem (nom. depressio), noun of action from pp. stem of deprimere to press down, depress (see DEPRESS (Cf. depress)). Attested from 1650s in the literal… …   Etymology dictionary

  • depression — [dē presh′ən, dipresh′ən] n. [ME depressioun < OFr depression < L depressio: see DEPRESS] 1. a depressing or being depressed 2. a depressed part or place; hollow or low place on a surface 3. low spirits; gloominess; dejection; sadness 4. a… …   English World dictionary

  • depression — [n1] low spirits; despair abasement, abjection, abjectness, blahs*, bleakness, blue funk*, bummer, cheerlessness, dejection, desolation, desperation, despondency, disconsolation, discouragement, dispiritedness, distress, dole, dolefulness, dolor …   New thesaurus

  • depression — I noun debasement, decline, deflation, dejection, depreciation, despondence, despondency, disheartenment, dispiritedness, dolefulness, economic decline, gloom, lowering, lowness, maeror, sinking, slump, tristitia associated concepts: economic… …   Law dictionary


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